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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-10

Public health care financing in Nigeria: Which way forward?


Department of Program Coordination, National Agency for the Control of AIDS, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Babayemi O Olakunde
National Agency for the Control of AIDS. Plot 823, Ralph Shodehinde Street, Central Area, Abuja
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0331-3131.100199

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The way a country finances its health care system is a key determinant of the health of its citizenry. Selection of an adequate and efficient method(s) of financing in addition to organizational delivery structure for health services is essential if a country is set to achieve its national health objective of providing health for all. Health care in Nigeria is financed by tax revenue, out-of-pocket payments, donor funding, and health insurance (social and community). However, achieving successful health care financing system continues to be a challenge in Nigeria. This article examines the different financing mechanisms that have been used in Nigeria, including the National Primary Health Care Development Fund proposed for increasing the resource allocation to primary health care. It draws on available and relevant literature to provide an overview and the state of public health care financing in Nigeria. This article concludes by recommending the need for Nigeria to explore and strengthen other mechanisms of health system and shift focus from out-of-pocket payments, address the issues that have undermined public health care financing in Nigeria, improve on evidence-based planning, and prompt implementation of the National Health Bill when signed into law.


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